It is frequently stated in books and articles on probability that if a succession of monkeys were set before a typewriter with limitless paper, eventually the complete works of Shakespeare would be repeated by chance.

## Author: Peter Webb

## The law of large numbers / “The law of averages”

The theory of probability becomes of enhanced value to gamblers when it is used with the law of large numbers. The law of large numbers states that:

## Periodic events

So far we have discussed probabilities in terms of outcomes either occurring or not occurring, but sometimes the gambler will wish to know the probability of an outcome occurring within a given time or during a given sequence of events.

## Converse (complementary) probabilities

Converse – "Something that has been reversed; an opposite."

## Independent or mutually exclusive event?

One of the important steps you need to make when considering the probability of two or more events occurring. Is to decide whether they are independent or related events.